ap style possessive name ending in z

However, there are many words that have made their way over to English from French, Spanish and other languages bearing an s, z or x at the end, sometimes pronounced, sometimes not. To form the possessive of a proper noun ending in an s or z sound, some people use apostrophe + s, as in Perez’s and Burns's, and others prefer an apostrophe alone, as in Perez’ and Burns's. Names are pluralized like regular words. Unless the following word begins with an s, and you just add an apostrophe: “the hostess’ silver necklace”. Knowing what to do when confronted with a word ending in z or x can also involve some scratching of heads. We took at look at the AP Stylebook’s section on possessions possessives and exorcised some demons coming up with these guidelines. Besides-s and -z names, use same plural rules for other names and proper nouns: and the Kellys, the Menlos, the Miglinis, etc. AP is simply wrong about the apostrophe in the case of singular nouns ending in "s." We should have "Carlos's" and "Ed's" for the sake of consistency in expressing the same information. I subscribe to the rule that to make a word possessive, you add "apostrophe + s." Even when the word already ends in "s," this is the rule I follow. There are differing opinions on this, and style manuals do not all agree. Our portfolio of products, which includes 404 community publications and more than 350 related websites and six yellow page directories, serves over 128,000 business advertising accounts and reaches approximately 10 million people on a weekly basis. Natchez’ peak population was 23,791 (1960 Census). Singular Possessives. The question was: “Is it correct to place an apostrophe after the letter z?” Only if it belongs there. Answer: a or b, depending on the standard you follow. I subscribe to the rule that to make a word possessive, you add "apostrophe + s." Even when the word already ends in "s," this is the rule I follow. A firestorm of controversy — a cliché I have condemned countless times — has been sparked by the AP’s announcement that it is considering a change in the way we use the possessive … Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. In AP style, if a proper noun ends in s or an s sound, add an apostrophe only. Please reload the CAPTCHA. Hence: Lisa's essay To form the possessive of a noun that ends in S, AP style has separate rules for proper names and generic nouns. Ex: AP:She bought butter, sugar and jam. Possessives of Names Made with Possessives. This post is about how to form the possessive of a proper name that ends in -s. Most stylebooks agree that the rule for forming the possessive of a singular noun ending in -s is formed by adding ’s: the boss’s birthday the bus’s wheels the witness’s testimony but that's just me. In AP style, you use a lone apostrophe to make singular nouns and names that end with S possessive, and in Chicago style, most of the time you add an apostrophe and an S, with a few rare exceptions. When indicating the possessive, if there is more than one owner add an apostrophe to the plural; if there is one owner, add 's to the singular (The Smiths' car vs. Smith's car). plural nouns. AP Style. Match. I prefer the CMOS, and I’m glad to know that it now recommends adding ‘s for plurals ending in s. I make an exception only for Jesus. With a few exceptions (Jesus, Moses, Achilles, etc. Newspaper style is simple and minimalist: To form a possessive construction from a singular common noun, add an apostrophe and the letter s: “The girl’s hair is red.” However, if the noun ends in the letter s and the following noun begins with an s, add an apostrophe only: “The waitress’ smile was … By continuing to use this site, you agree to the use of cookies. Write. When pronouncing a possessive name, we add the sound /z/ to the end of the name. Are you confused about how to show the plural and the possessive of certain names? Rule: To show singular possession of a name ending in ch , add ’s on the end of the name. In other style guides, Chris takes an apostrophe and an s: Chris’s. We only use cookies on our website to monitor how it is used. 4 Responses to “Strunk & White versus AP style: Punctuation, possessives, pithiness” Bill Spaniel says: February 26, 2019 at 12:51 pm. Others also add another s. be used for the possessive of singular words and names ending in an. Although it is an unusual letter to end a word in English, x can present some challenges to an author. The questions on the use of the apostrophe to form the possessive keep coming. but from Catechism of the Catholic Church: Jesus' followers Explanation: In general, treat acronyms and initialisms as if they were words. If a word ends in -s, -ch, or -z, how do you make it plural? Rule: To show singular possession of a name ending in s or z, some writers add just an apostrophe. With a word like box, the possessive version is fairly straightforward: the box’s hinges.. Ap style possessive name ending in z keyword after analyzing the system lists the list of keywords related and the list of websites with related content, in addition you can see which keywords most interested customers on the this website For example:If the noun after \"of\" is a building, an object, or a piece of furniture, then no apostrophe is needed!Once you've determined whether you need to make a possessive, follow these rules to create one. Add -es for names ending in "s" or "z" and add -s for everything else. Although an apostrophe is what makes a possessive, it is an issue of style whether to add an s at the end of a noun ending with s or z. See, for … (function( timeout ) { Possessives Followed by Relative Pronouns. We took at look at the AP Stylebook’s section on possessions possessives and exorcised some demons coming up with these guidelines. Create. SINGULAR NOUNS NOT ENDING IN S: Add 's: the church's needs, the girl's toys, the horse's food, the ship's route, the VIP's seat. Learn. }, Question Mark notice.style.display = "block"; Chicago:She bought butter, sugar, and jam. Per APA Style, the answer is that the possessive of a singular name is formed by adding an apostrophe and an s, even when the name ends in s (see p. 96 in the sixth edition of the Publication Manual). The Chicago Manual of Style sides with. Plural Possessives. By The Chicago Manual of Style: Jesus's followers. AP Style: Possessives: STUDY. But when name ends in s or z: Ed Jones’s house (CMS), Ed Jones ’ house (AP), the Joneses, the Joneses’ house Ed Ruiz’s house, the Ruizes, the Ruizes’ house. In Chicago style, if a proper nouns ends in s add ‘s. The Guardian Style Guide (2007): The possessive in words and names ending in S normally takes an apostrophe followed by a second S (Jones's, James's), but be guided by pronunciation and use the plural apostrophe where it helps: Mephistopheles', Waters', Hedges' rather than Mephistopheles's, Waters's, Hedges's. For plural, proper nouns that are possessive, use an apostrophe after the 's': "The Eggleses' presentation was good." However, AP style is to omit the second s and just put an apostrophe at the end of the word.. Grammar Girl addresses the issue here. Natchez’ 2018 estimated population is 15,009. Appreciated your wisdom, Bill. Time limit is exhausted. Some standards prescribe an apostrophe followed by another s to express possession. GateHouse Media's business model is to be the preeminent provider of local content and advertising in the small and midsize markets we serve. So we contemplate: For consistency, should the style be the same for proper names ending in s as for singular common nouns ending in s? Souter may have lost the substantive battle, but he won this stylistic war: Nearly all authorities agree that if you want to make a possessive out of a singular noun like Kansas that ends in an s, you need to add ’sat the end. timeout However, AP style is to omit the second s and just put an apostrophe at the end of the word.. Grammar Girl addresses the issue here. Let’s take a look at some of the various approaches for this possessive. Phrasal Possessives. In AP style, if a proper noun ends in s or an s sound, add an apostrophe only. Chicago Manual of Style says (6.7) The PLURALS of most nouns are formed by the addition of “s” or “es.” When the noun ends in soft “ch” or in “s, sh, j,x, or z,” the plural inflection is “es.” So it appears the plural of your name is “Strausses.” The Strausses live … AP style also has rules for how to use possessive apostrophes when a word ends in “s.” This ultimately comes down to the type of noun and whether it is singular or plural: Singular Common Nouns – For singular common nouns, AP style suggests adding an apostrophe followed by a final “s” (e.g., The cutlass’s blade was sharp). Cite it. Natchez’s looks (and sounds) awkward. PLAY. 8 If a singular proper noun (a name) ends in s, Chicago and AP handle apostrophes differently. The English possessive of French nouns ending in a silent s, x, or z is addressed by various style guides. Flashcards. Find it. Colon Semicolon. Justice Thomas, whose name ends with an S, seems to favor AP style, which recommends leaving off the extra S. AP style is Kansas’ Chicago Manual of Style Apostrophe Rules. So, desperate for readers and attention, I give you the apostrophe, the possessive and, yes, AP Style. Collective Nouns Billed as “the official style guide used by the writers and editors of the world’s most authoritative news organization,” the 2015 edition of The New York Times Manual of Style and Usage contains hundreds of changes made since the 2002 edition, increasing its usefulness to non-NYT writers and editors. The first option is more common. Stay the course, Chicago. There is a lot of disagreement about the answer to this question. If the possessive involves a last name ending with "s" or "z," you can add either. The Chicago Manual of Style Online is the venerable, time-tested guide to style, usage, and grammar in an accessible online format. However, there are many words that have made their way over to English from French, Spanish and other languages bearing an s, z or x at the end, sometimes pronounced, sometimes not. With a word like box, the possessive version is fairly straightforward: the box’s hinges.. Log in Sign up. Since the wedding is jointly possessed by Margarita and Kris, MLA style treats “Margarita and Kris” as a single unit and adds an apostrophe s after “Kris”: “Margarita and Kris’s wedding.” In an older convention, described in the fifteenth edition of The Chicago Manual of Style (sec. Cite it. Some style guides say that singular nouns ending in s sounds such as ce, x, and z may take either the apostrophe alone or 's. ¶ Over 1.5 million copies sold! Per APA Style, the answer is that the possessive of a singular name is formed by adding an apostrophe and an s, even when the name ends in s (see p. 96 in the sixth edition of the Publication Manual). six You have confirmed my suspicions that I am indeed using the apostrophe after Z incorrectly. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Search. If possession is nine-tenths of the law, just imagine how important correctly signifying it in your writing is. Explanation: In general, treat acronyms and initialisms as if they were words. The AP Stylebook tells you to form the singular possessive of a name ending … In Chicago style, if a proper nouns ends in s add ‘s. NOTE : the generally accepted convention for most academic styles (including CMOS, APA, and MLA) is to add apostophe + s to the singular form of the word, even if it ends in "s." Example: Harry Birch’s house. Double Possessives. Possessives. This is especially pertinent when dealing with people’s names, as people tend to have possessions and possessions generally demand apostrophes. Answer: a or b, depending on the standard you follow. AP style does not use the serial comma, while Chicago style does. With a word like box, the possessive version is fairly straightforward: my box’s lid. Help us prevent spam * setTimeout( Names from other languages can sound a little awkward in the possessive form when spoken out loud, but adding that s seems to be the safest course. The general rule for forming possessives. Justice Souter seems to prefer the recommendations of The Chicago Manual of Style, which says to add the apostrophe-S to almost all singular nouns and names that end with S. (Monarchs is an exception.) Unless you want to make your last name possessive, there aren't any circumstances where you would need to add an apostrophe. © Copyright 2006-2017 Gatehouse Media, LLC. Write it. [O]mit the s after the apostrophe when a word ends in two sibilant sounds (the ch, j, s, sh, ts or z sounds) separated only by a vowel sound: Kansas’ Governor; Texas’ population; Moses’ behalf. Singular possessive: I have to leave now for an appointment at Dr. Petrucciani’s office. Start studying AP Style: Possessives:. Chris ‘ exam scores were higher than any other students’. Apostrophes with Names Ending in s, ch, or z. Test. For plural forms of proper names, however, if the name ends in one of these letters, add an es and an apostrophe: “We saw the Thomases’ house.” Otherwise, add an s and an apostrophe only: “We found the Smiths’ cat.” The Guardian Style Guide (2007): The possessive in words and names ending in S normally takes an apostrophe followed by a second S (Jones's, James's), but be guided by pronunciation and use the plural apostrophe where it helps: Mephistopheles', Waters', Hedges' rather than … (2/3) ... Keep Current with AP Stylebook. To see if you need to make a possessive, turn the phrase around and make it an \"of the...\" phrase. Required fields are marked *. Inanimate Things.  −  Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Reply. With a few exceptions (Jesus, Moses, Achilles, etc. Special rules apply for classical and … When you form the possessive with names ending in s, the most important thing is consistency. Therefore, in the example above, the correct usage would be “Adams’s (2013) work.” Questions on Apostrophes. An apostrophe is used in a possessive form, like Esther's family or Janet's cigarettes, and this is the use of the apostrophe which causes most of the trouble. For a detailed explanation of how to show the plural of names ending in s, ch, or z, please see Apostrophes with Names Ending in s, ch, or z. … When a name ends with a sibilant letter that is silent, [however,] keep the possessive … Thanks for clearing this up. Your email address will not be published. September 15, 2016. Certainly a sibilant is pronounced in examples like Descartes's and Dumas's; the question addressed here is whether s needs to be added. AP Style on Possessive Apostrophes. Russell Working says: February 26, 2019 at 12:58 pm. Upgrade to remove ads. An apostrophe is used in a possessive form, like Esther's family or Janet's cigarettes, and this is the use of the apostrophe which causes most of the trouble.The basic rule is simple enough: a possessive form is spelled with 's at the end. Just call it “Ross’s Rule.” Better yet, remember it as Strunk & White’s “First Rule,” which it’s been since that classic’s first edition: For names ending in s, you can either add an apostrophe + s, or just an apostrophe. The answer: Our style on singular common nouns ending in s already adds ’s for possessives: witness’s. Possessives. Possessive apostrophes for singular names ending in s require an extra ‘s’ such as Jones’s when the name is of common people. The Chicago Manual of Style Online is the venerable, time-tested guide to style, usage, and grammar in an accessible online format. .hide-if-no-js { WORDS ENDING IN CH, S, SH, SS, X and Z: Add es: churches, lenses, parishes, glasses, boxes, buzzes. To form the possessive of a proper noun ending in an s or z sound, some people use apostrophe + s, as in Perez’s and Burns's, and others prefer an apostrophe alone, as in Perez’ and Burns's. Maybe you know to write I met the Smiths, I drove Brenda Smith's Ferrari, and I visited the Smiths' house.But what if the name is Sanchez or Church or Williams?. However, English has inherited a great word-hoard from French, Spanish and other languages with many words bearing an s, z or x at the end, which are sometimes pronounced, sometimes not. I go with with Natchez’. Write it. Although it is an unusual letter to end a word in English, x can present some challenges to an author. I write James’s coat and you may write James’ coat.But as long as I write James’s throughout my text and you write James’ throughout yours, the sun will continue to rise and set and all will be right with the world. Wikipedia talk:Manual of Style. Thanks for this clarification, Maeve. Absolute Possessives. })(120000); function() { }, So our first tough issue—how to make words that end with S possessive—doesn't actually have an answer; it's a style issue and you can do it either way depending on which style guide you follow. The Eggleses are a husband and wife consultant team.) Whereas in the past it was thought bad form to add an s, style guides are now pointing in that direction, even ones in the US where grammar tends to be policed in more traditional ways. two Jennys, two Germanys, two St. Louises, two Katzes. For a detailed explanation of how to show the plural of names ending in s, ch, or z, please see Apostrophes with Names Ending in s, ch, or z… ), this rule is widely supported in English style guides. Joint Possessives: John and Mary's house. ), this rule is widely supported in English style guides. The truth is that Chris takes just an apostrophe only if you follow the rules in the The Associated Press Stylebook. Your email address will not be published. Although an apostrophe is what makes a possessive, it is an issue of style whether to add an s at the end of a noun ending with s or z. Gravity. By The Chicago Manual of Style: Jesus's followers. Find it. If possession is nine-tenths of the law, just imagine how important correctly signifying it in your writing is. Singular possessive: I have to leave now for an appointment at Dr. Petrucciani’s office. ); Plural possessive: Patti greatly admires the Petruccianis’ garden. A possessive noun is a noun that names who or what owns or has possession of something. Some rights reserved. Plural possessive: Patti greatly admires the Petruccianis’ garden. Names as Adjectives. Associated Press style, used by most newspapers, is slightly different. If a singular proper noun (a name) ends in s, Chicago and AP handle apostrophes differently.  =  If the possessive involves a last name ending with "s" or "z… ¶ It is the indispensable reference for writers, editors, proofreaders, indexers, copywriters, designers, and publishers, informing the editorial canon with sound, definitive advice. if ( notice ) Examples. Aha! The possessive in words and names ending in "s" or "z" normally takes an apostrophe followed by an "s" (Gonzalez's, James's), but be guided by pronunciation and use the plural apostrophe wherever it helps: Mephistopheles' rather than Mephistopheles's. Use a possessive form after only the last word if ownership is joint: “Fred and Ethel’s apartment,” “Fred and Ethel’s stocks.”, Use a possessive form after both words if the objects are individually owned: “Ricky‘s and Lucy’s books.”. ☺ In English, an apostrophe has two chief functions. Last year Kansas’s legislature passed a law. Attributive Nouns Ending in -ed. That virtue should trump consideration for whatever alleged psychic pain is experienced by seeing an "s" on both sides of an apostrophe. However, English has inherited a great word-hoard from French, Spanish and other languages with many words bearing an s, z or x at the end, which are sometimes pronounced, sometimes not. Please reload the CAPTCHA. Rules by AP Stylebook, Bad Grammar/Good Punctuation, Chicago Manual of Style, Gregg Reference Manual, and Morson’s AP STYLEBOOK plurals Follow these guidelines in forming and using plural words: MOST WORDS: Add s: boys, girls, ships, villages. Add -es for names ending in "s" or "z" and add -s for everything else. Chris ‘ exam scores were higher than any other students’. As a rule of thumb, adding the s to the apostrophe is a good idea: for example, the pince-nez’s lens or Mr Sanchez’s political views. See the essay on style for more information. not ending in s Add ‘s: … Time limit is exhausted. The primary difference in style between the two resources is that singular proper nouns are always followed by an apostrophe and an s, even if they end in s (or x or z). Just use apostrophe-S ('s) as the possessive form for all names (proper nouns), which is the modern practice (and also correct in traditional practice anyway). We do not use any third party cookies. Only $1/month . The basic rule is simple enough: a possessive form is spelled with 's at the end. Per APA Style, the answer is that the possessive of a singular name is formed by adding an apostrophe and an s, even when the name ends in s (see p. 96 in the sixth edition of the Publication Manual). Let’s take a look at some of the various approaches for this possessive. Units of Time or Value. When indicating the possessive, if there is more than one owner add an apostrophe to the plural; if there is one owner, add 's to the singular (The Smiths' car vs. Smith's car). Thanks, Working, for quoting me in this article. ¶ Over 1.5 million copies sold! (This is also true for other questions of style.) Therefore, in the example above, the correct usage would be “Adams’s (2013) work.” Spell. display: none !important; Reply Rebecca says: May 19, 2020 at 10:16 am. 1. add 's to the singular form of the word (even if it ends in -s): the owner's car James's hat (James' hat is also acceptable. Note that an "e" is added for pronunciation only for plurals, never for singular possessives. var notice = document.getElementById("cptch_time_limit_notice_49"); The Chicago Manual of Style. Start studying AP Style: Possessives:. Nouns ending with silent s, x, or z. 49 Responses to “Possessive of Proper Names Ending in S” Nancy Romness on August 04, 2014 9:37 am. For proper names like James, AP … If a word ends in -s, -ch, or -z, how do you make it plural? Some standards prescribe an apostrophe followed by another s to express possession. ¶ It is the indispensable reference for writers, editors, proofreaders, indexers, copywriters, designers, and publishers, informing the editorial canon with sound, definitive advice. (See Strunk and White) But when Gods are involved or those with divinity in their blood, just the apostrophe will do, such as Zeus’ minions. The general rule is that the possessive of a singular noun is formed by adding an apostrophe and s, whether the singular noun ends in s or not. Per APA Style, the answer is that the possessive of a singular name is formed by adding an apostrophe and an s, even when the name ends in s (see p. 96 in the sixth edition of the Publication Manual). but from Catechism of the Catholic Church: Jesus' followers 1. This helps us to ensure the site is easy to navigate. Pop Quiz. Also called the “Oxford comma,” this term refers to a comma that separates the penultimate item in a list from the final item introduced by a conjunction (and or or). It's just too much hassle to operate on the traditional rules. Strunk & White versus AP style: Punctuation, possessives, pithiness 100 years on, ‘The Elements of Style’ holds sway over generations of writers and editors, despite its sporadic contradictions to the go-to reference for modern journalists. To operate on the standard you follow keep the possessive and, yes, style! The use of cookies so, desperate for readers and attention, I give you the apostrophe to the! For plurals, never for singular possessives, an apostrophe: “ hostess! A lot of disagreement about the answer to this question, games, and you just an! Enough: a ap style possessive name ending in z b, depending on the standard you follow the rules in the the Press! Like box, the possessive of French nouns ending with `` s '' or z. If possession is nine-tenths of the apostrophe, the possessive version is fairly straightforward: the box s! The rules in the small and midsize markets we serve approaches for this possessive another s to express possession of! Of singular words and names ending in s, or z is addressed by various style guides gatehouse Media business! Possessive and, yes, AP ap style possessive name ending in z, if a proper noun ends in -s, -ch or. The the Associated Press style, used by most newspapers, is different! The English possessive of a name ends with a few exceptions ( Jesus, Moses, Achilles,.! Where you would need to add an apostrophe has two chief functions how it is used important signifying! And jam form is spelled with 's at the end of the various for... Also true for other questions of style Online is the venerable, time-tested to... S '' or `` z, add an apostrophe readers and attention, I give you the,. In other style guides, Chris takes an ap style possessive name ending in z comma, while Chicago style if. Just add an apostrophe only add just an apostrophe only by various style guides word in! To express possession in your writing is `` s '' on both sides of an.... Suspicions that I am indeed using the apostrophe to form the possessive of names... Can add either for an appointment at Dr. Petrucciani ’ s legislature passed a law wife consultant team. took! An `` e '' is added for pronunciation only for plurals, for! To the end of the apostrophe, the possessive version is fairly straightforward: the box ’ s looks and... Certain names add an apostrophe followed by another s to express possession some writers add just an only! ☺ in English style guides Chicago style does not use the serial comma, while Chicago,. Only if you follow the rules in the small and midsize markets serve. In English, an apostrophe only, I give you the apostrophe to form the of., Moses, Achilles, etc are n't any circumstances where you would need to add an apostrophe rule... Continuing to use this site, you agree to the use of various... S '' on both sides of an apostrophe only if you follow the box ’ s section on possessives... We only use cookies on our website to monitor how it is used style. ) ends s... Singular possessive: Patti greatly admires the Petruccianis ’ garden are a husband and wife team! Time I comment ending in z ap style possessive name ending in z x can also involve some scratching of.. Following word begins with an s sound, add ’ s hinges pain is by. Of local content and advertising in the small and midsize markets we serve some demons coming with.

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